Basic knowledge of diabetes and weight
Q. Do you suffer from diabetes even if you are thin?
A. Diabetes can also be suffered by people who are thin.
Sudden weight loss is one of the symptoms of diabetes
‘I’m losing weight little by little even when I’m not exercising.’
“I lost a sudden amount of weight.”
Is there such a thing?
Maybe diabetes is the cause.
Diabetes is a disease caused by increased sugar in the blood due to disordered eating habits and lack of exercise.
Diabetes is not a disease suffered only by fat people.
People who are thin can also have diabetes.
In this article,
- How diabetes causes you to lose weight
- Types of diabetes and its symptoms
- The possibility that a thin person may have diabetes
- Fear of complications caused by diabetes
- Background to the increasing number of diabetics
- Diabetes Control
it is explained in an easy-to-understand manner.
Please read the outline of the weight reduction due to diabetes.
What is diabetes? Why do you lose weight when you have diabetes?
We will explain how diabetes causes weight to lose weight.
We replenish glucose from carbohydrates such as rice and bread, and from IMO.
The glucose is taken in by eating dissolves in the blood and circulates to the brain, muscles, and internal organs, providing a source of energy for our activities.
The glucose in this blood is called blood sugar.
In the case of healthy people, blood sugar is maintained at a certain width due to the function of a hormone called insulin produced by the pancreas.
The pancreas secretes insulin when blood sugar rises by meal.
When blood sugar goes to each organ, it becomes energy to move the body, synthesizes proteins, and encourages cell proliferation.
In this way, the blood sugar increased after meals is kept in a certain amount by being converted into various energy.
However, if the amount of insulin is insufficient for some reason or the work becomes bad, blood sugar continues to be high.
It is called hyperglycemia that blood sugar exceeds a constant value and a high state continues, and this condition is diabetes.
If you continue to have hyperglycemia, you will feel thirsty and go to the toilet more times.
By becoming hyperglycemia, water is discharged from the inside of the body to the outside by osmotosis pressure.
As a result, it causes dehydration.
As long as the blood sugar level is not lowered, even if the water is drunk, it will be discharged as urine.
When insulin weakens, the supplemented glucose does not spread to each organ.
Because there is a lack of energy sources for organs to work, proteins such as fats and muscles in the body are broken down as energy, resulting in weight loss.
Types of diabetes and what are its symptoms?
There are two types of urine disease: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
I will explain each feature.
Type 1 diabetes is diabetes caused by lack of insulin.
10% of diabetics have type 1 diabetes and develop it regardless of age.
The main symptoms are:
- They are thirsty
- Increase the number of urine
- lose weight rapidly
- they feel terrible tired
The cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known but as a related factor
- Originally has a constitution that it easy to suffer from type 1 diabetes
- a pancreas that has the role of secreting insulin
It is said that.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by insufficient insulin secretion and weak working. 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
There is also the onset of young people, but many patients with type 2 diabetes develop it after the age of 40. Disorders of lifestyle and heredity are the causes of the onset.
The main symptoms are:
- They feel fatigued
- Dry and itchy limbs, decreased sensation, and tingling pain
- Susceptible to in fectious diseases
- Increase the number of urine
- they have a hazy eye
- Problems with sexual function
- Skin wounds become difficult to heal
- Makes you feel hungry
- They are thirsty
In the early stages, there are no subjective symptoms, and the symptoms appear little by little.
Type 2 diabetes :
- Over 40 years old
- Those with obesity
- Those who have diabetes in their blood
- Those who lack exercise
It can be said that it is easy to suffer.
Outbreaks of type 2 diabetes can be hereditary. Therefore, if you have diabetes in your family, it is recommended to test for diabetes.
Proper exercise can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes.
Even if you’re thin, you can still have diabetes.
Diabetes is not a disease suffered only by fat people. People who are thin can develop diabetes as well. It is characterized by being prone to foreign fat in people who are thin. Foreign fat is one of the middle fats, and it is fat that accumulates in places that should not have been added.
The main cause of foreign fat accumulation is :
- Lack of exercise
- Excessive calorie intake due to overeading
It is said.
Even if it is a standard weight, people with a lot of body fat can have diabetes.
In the case of the elderly, the accumulation of fat in the muscles occurs. It is necessary to be careful because the accumulation of fat in the muscle weakens the work of insulin, and blood sugar cannot be taken up well, so it becomes hyperglycemia.
The fear of diabetes is not just weight gain
Diabetes has complications. Complications are diseases that are caused by a certain disease.
Diabetes causes the following symptoms:
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Diabetic nephropathy
I will explain what kind of symptoms each is.
Diabetic neuropathy is a disease caused by hyperglycemia that causes abnormalities in the nerves of the limbs and causes numbness and pain.
The pain appears symmetrically and can suffer from chronic pain, or if the disease progresses, it can be accompanied by blood disorders such as foot ulcers and foot gangrene.
Diabetic retinopathy is a disease in which a high blood sugar level damages the retina in the eye, leading to vision loss.
If there are no subjective symptoms and you are late to notice the progress, you will become lost.
Since early detection is important, let’s open the pupil with special eye drops once a year and perform a basal examination to observe the structure of the optic nerve and retina.
Diabetic nephropathy is a disease in which blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged due to hyperglycemia.
If it progresses without subjective symptoms and the function of the kidney is lost, dialysis treatment is required.
Dialysis treatment is a treatment method in which the blood of the whole body is discharged out of the body, the blood is filtered through a machine called a dialysis machine, and the cleaned blood is returned to the body again.
Dialysis treatment takes about 5 hours to go to the hospital every 1 to 2 days.
Arteriosclerosis refers to a condition in which a mass of bacteria called plaque adheres to the inside of a blood vessel called an artery, and the elasticity of the blood vessel disappears when accumulated.
When the accumulated plaque ruptures, a mass of blood called a blood clot flows out, clogging the blood vessels.
As a result, it can leave the aftereffects of heart disease and stroke, and cause life-related illnesses.
If complications are progressing without subjective symptoms, it may interfere with daily life.
If complications are caused by diabetes, it can lead to amputation of the foot, loss, dialysis and life-related situations.
Make regular checkups so that you can respond early.
Are there more people with diabetes? What is the actual condition of diabetes?
According to a survey conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in 2016, there are about 10 million people who are strongly suspected of diabetes.
The reasons for the increase in this number of diabetics may be due to the following reasons:
- Changes in eating habits
- Lack of exercise
Western junk food and fast food are now eaten every day in Japan.
Such a high-calorie Western diet is characterized by its easy accumulation of visceral fat.
In addition, visceral fat weakens the function of insulin produced by the pancreas.
Originally, Japanese people with less insulin secretion than Westerners have blood sugar exceeding a certain width due to the overlap of lack of exercise, causing diabetes.
Lost weight due to diabetes. How should I respond?
In order to improve diabetes, lifestyle habits must be reviewed.
There are two main ways to improve it.
- Improving eating habits
- Eliminating lack of exercise
First of all, I will explain the improvement of eating habits.
There are five eating habits that people with diabetes want to be aware of.
- Reduce fats, saturated fats, and trans fats such as meat fats, fried foods, and cakes.
- Limit the consumption of sugar-high foods such as snacks and juices.
- Increase dietary fiber intake from wholemeal bread and brown rice.
- Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables.
- They abstinence
Juice contains a large number of carbohydrates, so when you are thirsty, drink water, coffee, or tea instead of juice.
Alcohol also interferes with the secretion of pancreatic insulin.
If you have diabetes, don’t drink alcohol.
As for what to eat, increase the intake of vegetables and consume dietary fiber from wholemeal bread and brown rice.
Avoid fats and oils such as tempura and mayonnaise, and limit salt to 10 grams a day. People with high blood pressure are at risk of complications, so it is said that it is up to 6 grams per day.
Next, it is about the elimination of the lack of exercise. There are various benefits to eliminating insulin lack of exercise.
- Improves the effectiveness of insulin preparations
- Reducing the weight to standard weight activates the function of insulin
- Lower blood pressure and lipid levels reduce the risk of vascular complications.
Insulin preparations are injectables used by those who have little or no insulin secretion.
Self-inject insulin preparations to bring them closer to healthy blood sugar levels. This is called insulin therapy.
Next, I will introduce how to solve the lack of exercise.
First of all, let’s check your standard weight.
The standard weight can be × height (meters) × height (meters) 22.
Let’s lose weight by exercise and exercise with the standard weight required here. First of all, it is better to target a 5% weight loss after a few months.
As for the exercise method, walking that can be easily tackled is recommended. Let’s walk to the extent that it is not unreasonable, and continue to work every day.
Moderate exercise is good for promoting health, but the following people should consult a hospital teacher in advance about how to exercise.
- Those who have significantly poor control of blood sugar and blood pressure
- Those who have a fever
- Those who have a wound on their foot
- Those who suffer from three major complications such as diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic neuropathy
- Highly obese people with BMI 30 or higher
- Those with angina pectoris, old myocardial infarction, peripheral artery obstruction
- If you have any doubts about the above
The BMI described above is called the obesity index and represents the standard of obesity.
Bmi values are determined by body weight (kg× height (m) × height (m) and height (m). Bmi value 22 is said to be the most less likely to get sick.
Blood sugar levels drop during and after exercise. If you are using an insulin preparation that lowers blood sugar levels or suppresses blood sugar levels from going up too much, you should be aware of sudden drops in blood sugar levels.
a disease in which diabetes is suppressed rather than cured
Diabetes is said to be a disease that suppresses diabetes rather than cures it.
Keeping it down is to keep your blood sugar levels close to normal by continuing treatment so that you can live like a healthy person.
- Do moderate exercise every day
- change one’s eating habits
- Pharmacotherapy according to the situation to keep blood sugar, weight, blood pressure, and lipids proper
- Perform regular checkups and provide treatment according to the results
Know that there are other things to worry about besides blood sugar levels to keep diabetes at a low risk.
You may have found that rapid weight gain is one of the symptoms of diabetes.
To summarize what I have told you above,
Diabetes causes the weight to decrease because insulin secreted by the pancreas has become poorly functioning or no longer secreted.
Even people who are thin may have diabetes
Diabetes has type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is frightening because it causes complications by being left alone, and it causes major damage to limbs, eyes, and kidneys.
The increase in the number of diabetic patients is mainly due to lifestyle disturbances
If you have diabetes, you can use diet, exercise therapy, and pharmacotherapy.
In any case, it is important to carry out early detection and appropriate treatment.
If you feel that you have a lot of urine, are thirsty, or have lost weight rapidly, go to the hospital as soon as possible to get tested.
Dr. Veronica Scotts, naturopath, is
a certified naturopath in three countries: the United States, Canada, and Brazil.